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The consequences of a No Deal Brexit for UK landscaping

The consequences of a No Deal Brexit for UK landscaping

The deadline for the UK to leave the European Union has been set for 29th March 2019. In preparation for a potential, No Deal Brexit 25 guidance notes were published by the UK government on 23rd August 2018. Some guidance and notes from the Horticultural Trades Association (HTA) is summarised below. A further 60 guidance notes are set to be published later in September.

UK Government Advice

The UK government is confident that a Brexit Deal will be reached before the deadline of 29th March 2019. However, precautionary advice has been produced should a deal not be reached. The Northern Ireland border is of considerable importance of the Brexit negotiations.

European Union Trade

Imports from EU

  • Upon leaving the EU importing goods from countries in the EU will have to follow normal customs procedures as per any other country.
  • Although not in operation as yet, an Economic Operator Registration and Identification Number (EORI) bust be applied for by any business. A business can register with HMRC to be kept up to date with developments about this via email.
  • Contracts and business or trading terms and conditions must show that the business is importing
  • Import declarations will need to be submitted via the correct channels. These channels may include a customs broker, freight forwarder or logistics provider. A business can submit declarations directly with HMRC authorisation and by using software for this purpose.
  • The correct classification of goods must be used
  • VAT and relevant import duties must be paid

Exporting to EU

As with importing an EORI must be applied for

Submission of export declaration is required

Export licences for certain goods will be required


There is further information about importing and exporting to and from the EU on


VAT will remain in the UK and postponed accounting for import VAT will be introduced for goods brought into the country. Zero Rate sales will apply for export goods.

Goods Classification

Non-preferential World Trade Organisation terms will apply to trade with the EU, meaning most favoured Nation tariffs and non-preferential rules of origin will apply to trade between the UK and EU.  UK Duty rates will be published before leaving the EU regardless of whether a Brexit deal is reached or not.

Workplace Rights

UK workers rights will remain as is, for the time being, the current EU directives will be brought into UK law.


Funding from EU programs

Where finding agreements are in place before 2021 projects will be guaranteed by the UK government. Rural Development, Horizon 2020 and Erasmus+ projects fall into this ruling

Farm Payments

Domestic legislation surrounding this is being prepared and under UK government terms eligible beneficiaries will receive payment. Existing standards will be applied and must be attained. The agricultural bill is being legislated and will provide legislation for England.

Trade Remedies

An independent Trade Remedies Authority is to be established to investigate unfair trade or unforeseen surges in imports that may damage the industry.

For further information on all of the above, visit